A diode made of semiconductor components, usually silicon. The cathode, which is negatively charged and has an excess of electrons, is placed adjacent to the anode, which has an inherently positive charge, carrying an excess of holes. At this junction a depletion region forms, with neither holes nor electrons. A positive voltage at the anode makes the depletion region small, and current flows; a negative voltage at the anode makes the depletion region large, preventing current flow.
[sem-ee-kon-shuh s, sem-ahy-] /ˌsɛm iˈkɒn ʃəs, ˌsɛm aɪ-/ adjective 1. half-conscious; not fully conscious. semiconscious /ˌsɛmɪˈkɒnʃəs/ adjective 1. not fully conscious semiconscious sem·i·con·scious (sěm’ē-kŏn’shəs, sěm’ī-) adj. Not completely aware of sensations; partially conscious.
[kuh n-sur-vuh-tiv] /kənˈsɜr və tɪv/ adjective 1. disposed to preserve existing conditions, institutions, etc., or to restore traditional ones, and to limit change. 2. cautiously moderate or purposefully low: a conservative estimate. 3. traditional in style or manner; avoiding novelty or showiness: conservative suit. 4. (often initial capital letter) of or relating to the Conservative […]
noun 1. replication.
[sem-ee-kris-tl-in, -ahyn, sem-ahy-] /ˌsɛm iˈkrɪs tl ɪn, -ˌaɪn, ˌsɛm aɪ-/ adjective 1. partly or imperfectly crystalline.