sheik (def 1).
Also called pir. (in Sufism) the spiritual guide.
noun, Islam. 1. a dissident Shiʿite sect that developed in the 19th century, composed of followers of Ahmad Ahsaʾi (c1741–1826).
noun, Islam. 1. the beliefs and practices of the Shaikhi.
noun, Islam. 1. a person, especially a poet, endowed with unique perception or insight.
noun 1. John Campbell (“Principal Shairp”) 1819–85, English critic, poet, and educator.