[bif-i-duh] /ˈbɪf ɪ də/
a congenital neural tube defect in which part of the meninges or spinal cord protrudes through the spinal column, often resulting in neurological impairment.
a congenital condition in which the meninges of the spinal cord protrude through a gap in the backbone, sometimes causing enlargement of the skull (due to accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid) and paralysis
spina bifida spina bif·i·da (bĭf’ĭ-də)
A congenital defect in which the spinal column is imperfectly closed so that part of the meninges or spinal cord may protrude, often resulting in neurological disorders. Also called hydrocele spinalis.
A congenital defect caused by incomplete formation of the neural tube, in which the vertebral column is not fully closed, resulting in protrusion of the meninges and sometimes the spinal cord. Damage to the exposed spinal cord can cause neurological abnormalites, including paralysis.
spina bifida definition
A congenital condition that involves an imperfectly closed spinal column, often resulting in neurological disorders.
- Spina bifida aperta
spina bifida aperta spina bifida a·per·ta (ə-pûr’tə) n. See spina bifida manifesta.
- Spina bifida cystica
spina bifida cystica spina bifida cys·ti·ca (sĭs’tĭ-kə) n. Spina bifida with protrusion of the meninges or spinal cord.
- Spina bifida manifesta
spina bifida manifesta spina bifida man·i·fes·ta (mān’ə-fěs’tə) n. Spina bifida in which the vertebral defect is apparent and may be associated with a meningeal or spinal cord anomaly. Also called spina bifida aperta.
- Spina bifida occulta
spina bifida occulta spina bifida oc·cul·ta (ə-kŭl’tə) n. Spina bifida with no protrusion of the meninges or spinal cord. Also called cryptomerorrhachischis.