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an ester or salt derived from a sulfonic acid.
verb (used with object), sulfonated, sulfonating.
to make into a sulfonic acid, as by treating an aromatic hydrocarbon with concentrated sulfuric acid.
to introduce the sulfonic group into (an organic compound).

sulfonate sul·fo·nate (sŭl’fə-nāt’)
A salt or an ester of sulfonic acid. v. sul·fo·nat·ed, sul·fo·nat·ing, sul·fo·nates

To introduce one or more sulfonic acid groups into an organic compound.

To treat with sulfonic acid.

sul’fo·na’tion n.
A salt or ester of sulfonic acid, containing the group SO3H.


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  • Sulfonation

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  • Sulfone

    noun, Chemistry. 1. any of a class of organic compounds containing the bivalent group –SO 2 –, united with two hydrocarbon groups. sulfone sul·fone (sŭl’fōn’) n. Any of various organic sulfur compounds having a sulfonyl group attached to two carbon atoms, especially such a compound formerly used as a drug to treat leprosy or tuberculosis. […]

  • Sulfonic

    adjective, Chemistry. 1. sulfo. sulfonic sul·fon·ic (sŭl-fŏn’ĭk) adj. Of or relating to the chemical group SO2OH.

  • Sulfonic-acid

    noun, Chemistry. 1. any of a large group of organic compounds of the structure RSO 2 OH, which are strong acids that give neutral sodium salts: used in the synthesis of phenols, dyes, and other substances. sulfonic acid n. Any of several organic acids containing one or more sulfonic groups. sulfonic acid (sŭl-fŏn’ĭk) Any of […]

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