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a republic in E Africa formed in 1964 by the merger of the republic of Tanganyika and the former island sultanate of Zanzibar (including Pemba and adjacent small islands). 364,881 sq. mi. (945,037 sq. km).
Capital: Dodoma.
of or relating to Tanzania or its inhabitants
a native or inhabitant of Tanzania
a republic in E Africa, on the Indian Ocean: formed by the union of the independent states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964; a member of the Commonwealth. Exports include coffee, tea, sisal, and cotton. Official languages: Swahili and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Tanzanian shilling. Capital: officially Dodoma (though some functions remain in Dar es Salaam). Pop: 48 261 000 (2013 est). Area: 945 203 sq km (364 943 sq miles)
Tanzania [(tan-zuh-nee-uh)]

Republic in eastern Africa, formed in 1964 by the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It is bordered to the north by Uganda, Lake Victoria, and Kenya; to the east by the Indian Ocean; to the south by Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia; and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi,, and Rwanda. Its capital and largest city is Dar es Salaam.

Note: Louis B. Leakey, a British anthropologist, found the remains of a direct ancestor of the present human species, about 1.75 million years old, at Olduvai Gorge in northeastern Tanzania.


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