AAAS: Spoken of as the “triple-AS”, the American Association for the Advancement of Science is an organization concerned not only with the biomedical sciences but with all of the sciences. The AAAS publishes the weekly journal “Science”, one of the great scientific periodicals. “Science” carries a remarkable range of new scientific information including, for example, findings from the Apollo mission to Mars as well as reports from the project to map the human genome.
AAD: American Association of Dermatology, one of many important professional societies in the health arena. The AMA (the American Medical Association) is a better known example in the US. Only a small selection of the many health-related organizations is given as a sampler in this DICTIONARY.
- AAFP (American Academy of Family Physicians)
AAFP (American Academy of Family Physicians): The AAFP is a professional society for American family doctors. The AAFP states that: “The American Academy of Family Physicians is the national association of family doctors. It is one of the largest national medical organization. Until October 3, 1971, it was known as the American Academy of General […]
AANAT: The synbol for the enzyme arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase and for the gene that encodes it. AANAT is present in animals, bacteria and yeast but in no other living organisms. AANAT belongs to the large superfamily of acetyltransferase enzymes. AANAT is used to make melatonin, a hormone that regulates the body’s cycles of sleeping and waking.
- AAOS (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
AAOS (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons): The professional organization of American orthopedists. Literally, the practice of bone straightening, orthopedics is the branch of surgery that is broadly concerned with the skeletal system (bones).
- Aarskog-Scott syndrome
Aarskog-Scott syndrome: A syndrome of wide spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism), front-facing (anteverted) nostrils, a broad upper lip, a malformed (“saddle-bag”) scrotum, and laxity of the ligaments resulting in bending back of the knees (genu recurvatum), flat feet, and overly extensible fingers. There are X-linked and autosomal forms of the disease. The gene for the X-linked […]