Acrylamide: A chemical created in foods when starches and other carbohydrates are overheated (over 120°C or 250°F) during cooking. There is concern that acrylamide may be a carcinogen (cause cancer).
Acrylamide is used in papermaking, ore processing, permanent-press fabrics, and dye manufacture.
Acrylamide is also polymerized to form polyacrylamides which are used as water-soluble stabilizers, for example, in waste water treatment and in gel electrophoresis.
- ACS (American Cancer Society)
ACS (American Cancer Society): A “nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer through research, education, advocacy, and service.” The American Cancer Society is one of the oldest and largest voluntary health agencies in the United States. It is […]
- ACS (American College of Surgeons)
ACS (American College of Surgeons): The American College of Surgeons was formed in 1913 under the aegis of Dr. John Miller Turpin Finney “to elevate the standard of surgery, to establish a standard of competency and of character for practitioners of surgery, and to educate the public and the profession to understand that the practice […]
Actinic: Referring to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight and UV lamps. Sunburn is an actinic burn. An actinic keratosis is a skin lesion that is the consequence of chronic sun exposure.
- Actinic keratosis
Rough, scaly patches of skin that are considered precancerous and are due to sun exposure. Prevention is to cut sun exposure and wear sunscreen. Treatments include performing cryosurgery (freezing with liquid nitrogen), cutting the keratoses away, burning them, putting 5-fluorouracil on them, and using photodynamic therapy (injecting into the bloodstream a chemical that collects in […]
Actinomycetes: A group of gram-positive bacteria (order Actinomycetales) that produce various bioactive agents including antibiotics, enzymes, and vitamins. Streptomyces belong to this bacterial order.