Aeromonas hydrophila: a type of bacteria commonly found in freshwater or brackish water and in some fish and shellfish. It may cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and vomiting in some individuals if swallowed. It is more likely to cause intestinal symptoms in people with a suppressed immune system, such as people with cancer or those who are receiving immune-suppressing medications. The bacteria may also enter the body through an open wound that becomes contaminated with the organisms. In 2012, a severe case of necrotizing fasciitis occurred in a young woman due to Aeromonas hydrophila infection, resulting in the loss of one leg.
United States. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Bad Bug Book: Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook. “Aeromonas hydrophila.” Apr. 3, 2012.
Aerophagia: Swallowing too much air, a common cause of gas in the stomach and belching. Everyone swallows small amounts of air when eating or drinking. However, rapid eating or drinking, chewing gum, smoking, or ill-fitting dentures may cause a significant increase in swallowed air. The word “phage” in Greek means “to eat.” Aerophagia is literally […]
Aerophobia: An abnormal and persistent fear of flying. Sufferers experience severe anxiety even though they usually realize that the flying does not pose a threat commensurate with their fear. Aerophobia also means an irrational fear of fresh air or drafts of air. Derived from the Greek “aero-“, air or gas + “phobos”, fear = literally, […]
Aerosinusitis: Painful sinus troubles due to changing atmospheric pressures. Aerosinusitis is the cause of sinus pain when going up or down in a plane. Also known as barosinusitis and sinus barotrauma.
Aerosol: A fine spray or mist. Medications in aerosol form can be administered via a nebulizer and inhaled.
Aerosolization: The production of an aerosol — a fine mist or spray containing minute particles. See: Aerosol.