AKA (above the knee amputation): In general usage, this would be read to mean “also known as.” For example, William Jefferson (aka “Bill”) Clinton. However, in medical parlance, AKA means “above the knee amputation.” A nurse scrubbing for an AKA is getting ready to assist in an above-knee amputation.
AKA is as opposed to BKA, a below-the-knee amputation.
Akathisia: A movement disorder characterized by a feeling of inner restlessness and a compelling need to be in constant motion, as well as by actions such as rocking while standing or sitting, lifting the feet as if marching on the spot, and crossing and uncrossing the legs while sitting. People with akathisia are unable to […]
Akinetic: Related to the loss of the normal ability to move the muscles.
- Akinetic mutism
Akinetic mutism: A state in which a person is unable to speak (mute) or move (akinetic). Akinetic mutism is often due to damage to the frontal lobes of the brain.
ALA: 1. Alpha-linolenic acid 2.Aminolevulinic acid, a naturally occurring chemical in the body that is converted to protoporphyrin IX, a light-sensitive compound. Aminolevulinic acid has been used in the photodynamic therapy of skin precancer and cancer. In this therapy topical treatment with forms of ALA sensitizes the tissues to light. Then a special blue or […]
- Alagille syndrome
Alagille syndrome: Also known as arteriohepatic dysplasia, this is a genetic disorder characterized by jaundice in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, peripheral pulmonic stenosis and unusual face. Children with Alagille syndrome usually present with jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes) in the newborn period. Cholestasis (stagnant flow of bile […]