Anomaly, congenital: A birth defect. A minor congenital anomaly is an unusual anatomic feature such as a short second toe that is of no serious medical or cosmetic consequence. By contrast, a major congenital anomaly is a defect such as a cleft palate that is of serious medical or cosmetic consequence.
Anomia: A problem with word finding. Impaired recall of words with no impairment of comprehension or the capacity to repeat the words. In “The Case of Anna H.” who had anomia, the neurologist/writer Oliver Sacks noted that: “When I showed her some kitchen matches, she recognized them at once, visually, but could not say the […]
Anonymize: Or anonymise. To remove the name. To make nameless. “Data for more than 60 variables were extracted from anonymised records of 745 SIDS cases and 2411 live controls.” (The Lancet 2004; 363: 185)
- Anonymous reporting
Anonymous reporting: In public health, anonymous reporting permits the acquisition of certain data such as the proportion of persons with a positive test or with a disease.
- Anonymous testing
Anonymous testing: Testing in which no name is used — there is total anonymity — to identify the person tested. For example, the State of Florida requires that each county have a site for anonymous HIV testing.
Anophthalmia: Absence of the eye, as a result of a congenital malformation (birth defect) of the globe. Anophthalmia refers, strictly speaking, to absence of the globe and ocular tissue from the orbit. However, in most cases of anophthalmia, CT scans show some remnants of the globe, indicating they represent severe microphthalmia (small eyes). Anophthalmia/microphthalmia may […]