Anterior pituitary: The front portion of the pituitary, a small gland in the head called the master gland. Hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary influence growth, sexual development, skin pigmentation, thyroid function, and adrenocortical function. These influences are exerted through the effects of pituitary hormones on other endocrine glands except for growth hormone which acts directly on cells.
The effects of underfunction of the anterior pituitary include growth retardation (dwarfism) in childhood and a decrease in all other endocrine gland functions normally under the control of the anterior pituitary (except the parathyroid glands). The results of overfunction of the anterior pituitary include overgrowth (gigantism) in children and a condition called acromegaly in adults.
- Anterior tongue
Anterior tongue: The front two-thirds of the tongue. In contrast to the base of the tongue, which is the back third. The distinction between the anterior and base of the tongue reflects the fact that they are of different embryological origin. The distinction also matters as regards cancer. See: Tongue cancer.
Antero-: Prefix signifying before, earlier, front. From the Latin anterior meaning before.
Anterograde: Moving forward or extending forward. Anterograde memory is memory for what occurs after an event such as an accident. Also called antegrade. From the Latin antero- + gredior (to step or go).
- Anterograde memory
Anterograde memory: Loss of short-term memory with retention of memories from the distant past (long-term memory).
Anterolisthesis: The forward positioning of one spinal vertebra in relation to the adjacent vertebra beneath it. Anterolisthesis can be graded: Grade 1 is less than 25% slippage, grade 2 between 25%-50% slippage, grade 3 between 50%-75% slippage, and grade 4 greater than 75% slippage. Symptoms of anterolisthesis depend on the severity, location, and cause. The […]