Arthritis and Musculoskeletal & Skin Diseases, National Institute of: One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. As its somewhat cumbersome name indicates, NIAMS’s mission is a wide and important one, namely to “conduct and support a broad spectrum of research on normal structure and function of bones, muscles, and skin, as well as the numerous and disparate diseases that affect these tissues. NIAMS also conducts research training and epidemiologic studies and disseminates information.”
Our Symptoms article on Joint Pain provides a comprehensive look at the possible causes and treatments of Joint Pain. Arthralgia: Pain in a joint.
Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis. (see osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, pseudogout).
- Arthritis in children
Arthritis in children: Arthritis in children, usually in the form in the form of juvenile arthritis (also called pediatric arthritis) or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Arthritis mutilans
Arthritis mutilans: An extremely severe form of chronic rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis characterized by resorption of bones and the consequent collapse of soft tissue. When this affects the hands, it can cause a phenomenon sometimes referred to as ‘telescoping fingers.’
- Arthritis, degenerative
Arthritis, degenerative: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints. Degenerative arthritis is the most common form of arthritis, usually affecting the hands, feet, spine, and large weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees. Also known as osteoarthritis and degenerative joint disease.