Attention deficit disorder (ADD): An inability to control behavior due to difficulty in processing neural stimuli.
In November, 1998 the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued a consensus report developed by a panel of experts. The panel concluded that:
Ritalin and other therapies may correct classroom behavior problems but there is no evidence that this improves a child’s academic performance.
Although there is no independent, validated test for ADD, some well-tested diagnostic interview methods have proved useful.
Short-term trials of Ritalin and other drugs show beneficial effects on some behaviors and are superior to behavior modification training. Combining the two resulted in improved social skills.
Numerous other treatments have been tried, including vitamins, herbs, biofeedback and eliminating some foods such as sugar. None have proved effective.
Doctors and schools usually do a poor job of communicating and coordinating when treating children with ADD and follow-up often is poor. Teachers and parents can play a key role in successfully A treating ADD.
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
A disorder in which a person is unable to control behavior due to difficulty in processing neural stimuli, accompanied by an extremely high level of motor activity. Abbreviated ADHD. ADHD can affect children and adults, but it is easiest to perceive during schooling. A child with ADHD may be extremely distractible, unable to remain still, […]
- Attention getting
Attention getting: Attention getting is not a simple automatic act. It requires complex active thought processing. The types of stimuli that are attention getting depend on past experience, individual reactivity, and what a person considers to be important. A hungry commuter may pay closer attention to the smell of food than to the surrounding sights […]
Attentional: Relating to attention. The term is used in psychology and child development as, for example, early television exposure has been found to be associated with attentional problems at age 7.
Attenuated: Weakened, diluted, thinned, reduced, weakened, diminished. The use of “attenuated” in medicine is not new. In the 16th century, eating dried figs was claimed to attenuate the body fluids. Now “attenuated” refers to procedures that weaken an agent of disease (a pathogen). An attenuated virus is a weakened, less vigorous virus. A vaccine against […]
- Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis
Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis: An inherited predisposition to colorectal cancer characterized by fewer than 100 adenomatous polyps in the colon and rectum. It is said to be attenuated because there are fewer polyps than in classic familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). People with attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (AFAP) also tend to be older at the diagnosis […]