Balanitis, circinate: A form of skin inflammation around the penis in males with Reiter’s syndrome. The skin around the shaft and tip (glans) penis can become inflamed and scale. This inflammation around the penis can be helped by cortisone creams (such as TOPICORT).
Reiter’s syndrome is a systemic rheumatic disease, systemic since it can affect the system (the body) far from the joints and cause inflammation in areas such as the eyes, mouth, lungs, kidneys, heart, and skin.
The classic areas of the skin that can become involved with Reiter’s syndrome are the palms of the hands and soles of the feet (although other body surface areas can less commonly be affected). Inflammation in these areas can come and go. When present, it causes reddish, raised, pustules that can be painful and tender. These patchy areas can group together and peel periodically. This skin inflammation (which is microscopically similar to another skin disease called pustular psoriasis) is also referred to as keratodermia blennorrhagicum (KB).
KB can be treated with topical medications. These include skin softeners (emollients), and medications that clear off the peeling dry skin (keratolytic medications). Sometimes these treatments are used along with vitamin D creams, such as calcipotriene.
It is important to note that sometimes emotional stresses and medications (such as propanolol, VASOTEC, and hydroxychloroquine/PLAQUENIL) have been reported to aggravate the skin inflammation including the circinate balanitis in Reiter’s syndrome.
Balanoposthitis: In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin. Circumcision prevents balanoposthitis. Without a foreskin, there can of course be no posthitis and hence no balanoposthitis. An uncircumcised boy should […]
Balantidiasis: The disease caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Balantidium.
Balantidium: A genus of protozoa with cilia that includes Balantidium coli (B. coli). B. coli is the largest protozoan and the only ciliate parasite to infect humans. The disease that B. coli causes is called balantidiasis. Clinical features, when present, include persistent diarrhea, occasionally dysentery, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Symptoms can be severe in […]
Baldness: Medically known as alopecia. There are many types of baldness, each with a different cause. Baldness may be localized to the front and top of the head, as in the very common type of male-pattern baldness; baldness may be patchy, a condition called alopecia areata; or a variant of alopecia areata may involve the […]
- Baldness, patchy
Baldness, patchy: Patchy baldness. Also referred to as alopecia areata. Alopecia means baldness and areata means occurring in patches. This process typically begins with patchy hair loss on the scalp and sometimes progresses to complete baldness and even loss of body hair. The hair loss tends to be rather rapid and asymmetrical and is different […]