Bisexual suicide risk: High rates of suicide have consistently been reported among homosexuals, particularly among adolescents and young adults. A 1989 report concluded that “gay youth are 2 to 3 times more likely to attempt suicide than other young people. They may comprise up to 30% of completed youth suicides annually.”
In 1999 it was reported in two independent studies (one of twins in the U.S. and the other with 21-year follow-up in New Zealand) that homosexual and bisexual men and women are at greater risk of suicidal ideation and overall mental health problems than their heterosexual counterparts.
Herrell R, Goldberg J, True WR, Ramakrishnan V, Lyons M, Eisen S, Tsuang MT: Sexual orientation and suicidality. A co-twin control study in adult men. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999;56:867-874.
Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Beautrais AL: Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999;56:876-880.
Bailey JM: Homosexuality and mental illness. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999;56:883-884.
Bisphosphonate: A class of drugs used to strengthen bone. Bisphosphonates are used to treat osteoporosis and the bone pain from diseases such as metastatic breast cancer, multiple myeloma, and Paget’s disease. Bone is in a constant state of remodeling, whereby new bone is laid down by cells called osteoblasts, while old bone is removed by […]
- Biventricular assist device
Biventricular assist device: A ventricular assist device that helps both ventricles of the heart. It helps the right ventricle of the heart to pump blood to the lungs and the left ventricle to pump blood to the body. The Berlin Heart is an example of a biventricular assist device.
Bi-: Prefix indicating two, as in biceps (a muscle with two heads) or bicuspid (having two flaps or cusps).
- Black Death
Black Death: The Medieval black plague that ravaged Europe and killed a third of its population. It was due to the plague which is caused by a bacterium (Yersinia pestis) transmitted to humans from infected rats by the oriental rat flea. In 14th-century Europe, the victims of the Black Death had bleeding below the skin […]
- Black eye
Bruising of the eyelid and/or the area around the eye as a result of trauma to the eye. Colloquially known as a shiner.