Bladder inflammation: Inflammation of the urinary bladder. Also called cystitis. Can be due to infection from bacteria that ascend the urethra to the bladder or for unknown reasons, such as with interstitial cystitis. Symptoms include a frequent need to urinate, often accompanied by a burning sensation. As bladder inflammation progresses, blood may be observed in the urine and the patient may suffer cramps after urination. In young children, attempts to avoid the pain of cystitis can be a cause for daytime wetting (enuresis). Treatment includes avoiding irritants, such as perfumed soaps, near the urethral opening; increased fluid intake; and, for infectious cystitis, antibiotics. Untreated bladder inflammation can lead to scarring and the formation of stones when urine is retained for long periods of time to avoid painful urination.
- Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) Medical Definition
Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO): a blockage at the base of the bladder at the site where urine flows into the urethra to be expelled from the body. Symptoms of bladder outlet syndrome can include feelings of having a full bladder, abdominal pain, inability to urinate or frequently urinating, a slow flow of urine, problems initiating […]
- Bladder pain
Bladder pain: Pain from the urinary bladder. Among the symptoms of bladder infection are feelings of pain, pressure, and tenderness around the bladder, pelvis, and perineum (the area between the anus and vagina or anus and scrotum), which may increase as the bladder fills and decrease as it empties; decreased bladder capacity; an urgent need […]
- Bladder, overactive
Bladder, overactive: A condition in which sudden involuntary contractions of the muscular wall of the bladder cause urinary urgency, immediate and unstoppable needs to urinate. Overactive bladder is a form of urinary incontinence (the unintentional loss of urine) and is relatively common, particularly in older adults. Treatment may include pelvic muscle strengthening, behavioral therapy, and […]
- Blade bone
Blade bone: Familiar term for the scapula, also called the shoulder blade or wing bone, the flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder.
- Blalock-Taussig operation
Blalock-Taussig operation: A pioneering operation to treat children born with the heart malformation tetralogy of Fallot named for the US surgeon Alfred Blalock and the US pediatric cardiologist Helen B. Taussig.