Blush: Redness of the skin as a result of dilated capillaries, typically over the cheeks or neck. Blushing is an involuntary response of the nervous system that leads to widening of the capillaries in the involved skin. A blush is temporary, and it may be brought on by excitement, exercise, fever, or embarrassment. Also known as flush.
BKA: Acronym standing for “below knee amputation.” A nurse scrubbing for a BKA is preparing to assist in a below-knee amputation. BKA is as opposed to AKA (above knee amputation).
Medical journals: In 1665 the Royal Society in England published one of the first 2 scientific journals in the world: the “Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.” The other was the “Journal des Scavants” (Scholars) which appeared in France the same year. From these 2 journals are descended the many thousands of scientific periodicals today, […]
BMPR1A: A gene located on chromosome 10 in band 10q22.3 that encodes bone morphogenic protein receptor 1A, a kinase receptor that is involved in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling. Mutations in BMPR1A account for 25% to 40% of cases of juvenile polyposis, an autosomal dominant gastrointestinal polyposis syndrome in which patients are at risk for […]
- BMRs (biological response modifiers)
BMRs (biological response modifiers): Substances that stimulate the body’s response to infection and disease. The body naturally produces small amounts of these substances. Scientists can produce some of them in the laboratory in large amounts for use in treating cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and other diseases. BMRs used in biological therapy include monoclonal antibodies interferon, interleukin-2 […]
BMT: Bone marrow transplantation, a procedure in which doctors replace bone marrow that is diseased (or damaged) with healthy bone marrow. The bone marrow to be replaced may be deliberately destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. The replacement marrow may come from another person, or it may be the patient’s own marrow […]