Bone, heel: A somewhat rectangular bone at the back of the foot. The words “calcaneus” and “calcium” are related. Medically termed the calcaneus. The calcaneus (from the Latin calcaneum, meaning heel or heel bone) is a bone of the tarsus of the foot which constitutes the heel. In humans, the calcaneus is the largest of the tarsal bones and the largest bone of the foot.
- Bone, parietal
Bone, parietal: The main bone on the side of the skull. Although the parietal bone is curved, it is considered a flat bone (as opposed to a tubular bone). The parietal bone is shaped like an irregular quadrangle. It articulates (joins) with the other parietal bone in the midline (top of the head), with the […]
- Bone, sesamoid
Bone, sesamoid: A little bone that is embedded in a joint capsule or tendon; for example, the kneecap (patella).
- Bone, shin
Bone, shin: The larger of the two bones in the lower leg. The shin bone is anatomically known as the tibia. Its smaller companion is the fibula.
- Bone, thigh
Bone, thigh: The thigh bone in anatomy is called the “femur.” Whichever term — thigh bone or femur — you care to use, it is the bone in the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The thigh bone/femur constitutes the entire upper leg, all of the leg above the knee. As compared […]
- Bone, wing
Bone, wing: Familiar term for the scapula, also called the shoulder blade or blade bone, the flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder.