Bornholm disease: A viral infection that is most commonly caused by an enterovirus called Coxsackie B. Symptoms include fever, intense abdominal and chest pain, and headache. The chest pain is caused by inflammation of the tissue lining the lungs, and it is typically worsened by breathing or coughing. The illness usually lasts from 3 to 14 days. Also known as epidemic myalgia and pleurodynia.
Borrelia: A group of bacteria that are helical spirochetes of the genus Borrelia. Some species of Borrelia cause relapsing fever in humans and animals. For example, Borrelia burgdorferi causes Lyme disease. Named after Amedee Borrel (1867-1936), French bacteriologist.
- Borrelia myamotoi Infection Medical Definition
Borrelia myamotoi: A type of bacteria transmitted to humans by tick bites. Borrelia myamotoi causes flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, headaches, muscle aches), but in severe cases, it can infect the brain and lining tissues, causing meningoencephalitis. It is likely that many people may have mild forms of the infection that are never identified, and the […]
- Borrelia burgdorferi
Borrelia burgdorferi: The spirochete (a type of bacteria) that causes Lyme disease. Named after its discoverer, Dr. Willy Burgdorfer. See: Borrelia.
Botox: A highly purified preparation of botulinum toxin A, a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Botox is injected, in very small amounts, into specific muscles, as a treatment. It acts by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles and so paralyzes (relaxes) the muscles. Botox treatment has found a growing number of […]
- Botulinum toxin
Clostridium botulinum, botulism