Buffalo hump: a layman’s term for the deposition of fat in the area behind the base of the neck. This fat deposition can occur due to a number of conditions. The most characteristic association of buffalo hump deformity is either from diseases that result in elevated blood cortisol levels or from taking oral, intramuscular, or intravenous steroid medications such as prednisone, hydrocortisone, or cortisone. Buffalo hump deformity may also be seen as a side effect of some medications used to treat HIV/AIDS and in obese patients.
Bulbar: Pertaining to a bulb, in medicine any rounded mass of tissue (that is shaped somewhat like a crocus or tulip bulb). For example, the bulbar conjunctiva is that part of the conjunctiva, a clear membrane of the eye, which covers the outer rounded surface of the eye. Bulbar can also apply to a rounded […]
- Bulbar conjunctiva
Bulbar conjunctiva: That part of the conjunctiva, a clear membrane of the eye, which covers the outer surface of the eye. The other part of the conjunctiva is the palpebral conjunctiva, which lines the inside of the eyelids. The bulbar conjunctiva is also called the ocular conjunctiva.
- Bulbourethral gland
Bulbourethral gland: A pea-sized gland in the male located behind and to the side of the urethra that discharges a component of seminal fluid into the urethra. There are two bulbourethral glands, one on each side. Also known as the Cowper’s gland.
- Bulimia nervosa
Also called bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of secretive excessive eating (binge-eating) followed by inappropriate methods of weight control, such as self-induced vomiting (purging), abuse of laxatives and diuretics, or excessive exercise. The insatiable appetite of bulimia is often interrupted by periods of anorexia. Like anorexia, bulimia is generally thought to be […]