Cachexia: General physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to a disease. Also known as marasmus.
CADASIL: Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.
Cadaver: A dead human body that may be used by physicians and other scientists to study anatomy, identify disease sites, determine causes of death, and provide tissue to repair a defect in a living human being. Students in medical schools study and dissect cadavers as part of their education. Others who study cadavers include archaeologists […]
- Cadaver wart
Cadaver wart: A warty growth on the hand due to tuberculosis, typically of someone doing postmortem examinations. A cadaver with unsuspected tuberculosis was once a major hazard for pathologists and others in the autopsy room. Cadaver warts were among the least of the dangers. A cadaver wart is known by a number of other names […]
Cadmium: A metallic element whose salts are toxic and cause cancer. Cadmium and cadmium compounds were upgraded in 2000 by the US government to the status of “known human carcinogens.” These materials are used in batteries, coating and plating, plastic and synthetic products and alloys, and have been found to carry an increased risk of […]
Caduceus: A staff with two snakes entwined about it, topped by a pair of wings. The caduceus was carried by the Greek messenger god Hermes, whose Roman counterpart was Mercury, and is therefore the sign of a herald. By a curious misconception, the caduceus also became the insignia of the US Army Medical Corps and […]