Cain, mark of: The mark that God set upon Cain, the eldest son of Adam. According to the Book of Genesis in the Bible, God rejected Cain’s grain offering while accepting the animal offering of his brother Abel. Out of jealousy, Cain murdered his brother and was compelled by God to wander the earth as “a fugitive and a vagabond.” Lest someone slay Cain and end his misery, “the Lord set a mark on Cain.”
The mark of Cain now refers to a person’s sinful nature.
Calorie: A unit of food energy. The word calorie is ordinarily used instead of the more precise, scientific term kilocalorie. A kilocalorie represents the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a liter of water 1′ centigrade at sea level. Technically, a kilocalorie represents 1,000 true calories of energy.
- Calabresi, Paul
Calabresi, Paul: Italian-born American oncologist who was a leader in developing and testing drugs to treat Hodgkin’s lymphoma, breast cancer and prostate cancer, among other diseases. Calabresi was one of the first to advocate combination chemotherapy. He also had an innovative approach to identifying potential drugs. Whereas many other cancer researchers at that time focused […]
Calamine: An astringent made from zinc carbonate or zinc oxide, customarily used in lotion form to treat skin problems or insect bites that cause itching or discomfort.
- Calcaneocuboid joint
Calcaneocuboid joint: The joint located in the foot between the calcaneus bone and the cuboid bone. It is a gliding type of joint. The ligaments that serve to support and strengthen this joint are called the capsular, dorsal calcaneocuboid, bifurcated, long plantar, and plantar calcaneocuboid ligaments.
- Calcaneal spur
A bony spur, also known as a heel spur, that projects from the back or underside of the heel bone (the calcaneus) and that may make walking painful. Calcaneal spurs are associated with inflammation of the Achilles tendon (Achilles tendinitis), and cause tenderness and pain at the back of the heel, which is made worse […]