Calf bone: Familiar name for the fibula, the lateral (outside) and smaller of the two long bones in the lower leg. The other bone in the lower leg is the tibia. The tibia bears weight; the fibula does not.
The fibula articulates (comes together to form a joint) with the tibia above and with the tibia and the talus bone below.
The word “fibula” comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. The fibula was likened to a clasp attaching it to the tibia to form a brooch.
The word “calf” comes through the Anglo-Saxon, it is thought, from the Indo-European “”gelbh” meaning “to bunch up”, as do the muscles of the calf.
Calicivirus: A group of viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae that includes: Norovirus, a common cause of food poisoning and acute gastroenteritis in humans; Sapovirus, formerly called “Sapporo-like virus” (SLV) and sometimes referred to as classic or typical calicivirus, which can also cause gastroenteritis in humans; Vesivirus, the swine vesicular exanthema virus; and Lagovirus, the […]
Calipers: A metal or plastic tool similar to a compass used to measure the diameter of an object. The skin fold thickness in several parts of the body can be measured with skin calipers to determine the lean body mass.
Callosity: Synonymous with callus. Both callus and callosity are derived from the Latin callum meaning thick skin.
Callus: 1. A localized firm thickening of the upper layer of skin as a result of repetitive friction. A callus on the skin of the foot has become thick and hard from rubbing (as a result of repetitive friction). Calluses of the feet may lead to other problems such as serious infections. Shoes that fit […]
Calor: Heat, one of the four classic signs of inflammation together with dolor, rubor, and tumor (pain, redness, and swelling, respectively).