Camelpox: A severe disease of camels in northern Africa and southwestern Asia caused by the camelpox virus. This virus has rarely, if ever, caused disease in people. However, the sequence of the camelpox virus genome is most closely related to that of the variola virus, the cause of smallpox. This has led to speculation that the two viruses (camelpox and smallpox) may have evolved from a common ancestor after the advent of intensive agriculture some 7,000 years ago. See also: Orthopox; Smallpox.
Camisole: A straitjacket. The term camisole was borrowed from the French and refers to a woman’s garment, usually sleeveless. The term came from the Latin camisia for linen shirt or nightgown.
- Campion, Thomas
Campion, Thomas: (1567-1620) English physician, poet, and composer. Campion first studied law, but had little sympathy with, or respect for, legal studies. He then spent 3 years (1602-1605) on the Continent and received the M.D. degree from the University of Caen in 1605. After returning to England, Campion practiced as a doctor in London from […]
- Campomelic Dysplasia
Campomelic dysplasia: A severe birth defect that affects the formation of the bones, genital organs, and facial features. The name “campomelic” comes from the Greek words meaning “bent limb.” Physical features of the condition typically include bowing of the long bones of the legs and sometimes the arms, characteristic dimpling of the skin over the […]
- Campylobacter jejuni
Campylobacter jejuni: A bacterium that typically infects the bowels. Now the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning, Campylobacter jejuni is most often spread by contact with raw or undercooked poultry. A single drop of juice from a contaminated chicken is enough to make someone sick. Symptoms tend to start 2 to 5 days after exposure […]