Cancer, ovary: Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries, the female reproductive organs that produce eggs. The anatomic location of the ovaries is within the pelvis next to the fallopian tubes which are connected to the uterus or womb. Most ovarian growths (tumors) in women under age 30 are benign, fluid-filled cysts. These cysts are not cancerous. Ovarian cancers are more common in women as women age.
There are several types of ovarian cancer. Symptoms of ovarian cancer can be vague causing problems with early detection. Detection of ovarian cancer involves physical examination (including pelvic exam), ultrasound, x-ray tests, CA-125 blood test and biopsy of the ovary. Treatment involves surgery and chemotherapy, and occasionally radiation treatment. Modern chemotherapy can extend life even when the cancer is found spread or in advanced stage.
- Cancer, pancreatic
Cancer, pancreatic: A malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a ‘silent’ disease because early pancreatic cancer usually does not cause symptoms. If the tumor blocks the common bile duct, and bile cannot pass into the digestive system, the skin and whites of the eyes may become yellow (jaundiced), and the urine […]
- Cancer, papillary
Cancer, papillary: Cancer of a structure called the papilla or ampulla of Vater, a small muscle located at the junction where the common bile duct (carrying bile from the liver and secretions from the pancreas) empties into the duodenum (upper small intestine). Because of its location, this cancer can cause obstruction of the common bile […]
- Cancer, penis
A malignant tumor in which cancer cells develop in the tissues of the penis. It is rare in the US. A physician should be consulted for growths or sores on the penis, any unusual discharge from the penis, or bleeding. If warranted, a biopsy is performed. If cancer is found, more tests are done to […]
- Cancer, prostate
Cancer, prostate: A malignant tumor of the prostate, the gland that produces some of the components of semen. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death of males in the US. It is often first detected as a hard nodule found during a routine rectal examination. The PSA blood test is a screening test […]
- Cancer, prostatic
Cancer, prostatic: Cancer of the gland (prostate) that produces some of the components of semen fluid. The second leading cause of death of males in the U.S. Prostate cancer is often first detected as a hard nodule during a routine rectal examination. The PSA blood test is a screening test for prostate cancer. Diagnosis of […]