Candidiasis: Disease caused by the yeast Candida albicans. Candida albicans can cause vaginal yeast infections, diaper rash, skin rashes that emerge in moist, warm folds of skin, and thrush (white patches inside the mouth and throat). Candidiasis tends to develop when the normal balance of bacteria is upset, as sometimes occurs with the use of antibiotics. Prevention measures include the use of probiotics, and in some cases, dietary changes. Candidiasis can be treated with antifungal medications. Candidiasis is usually a minor and easily addressed problem, but it can be an important problem for those with immune-system disorders, such as AIDS.
- Candidiasis, oral
Candidiasis, oral: Yeast infection of the mouth and throat caused by the fungus Candida albicans; also known as thrush. Yeast organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body. They ordinarily do not cause any symptoms. Certain conditions, such as antibiotic use, can disturb the natural balance of microbes in […]
- Canker sore
A common small, frequently painful and sensitive crater in the lining of the mouth. Also known as aphthous ulcer. Sores typically last for 10 to 14 days and generally heal without scarring.
Cannabinoid: A chemical compound in cannabis or marijuana. Tetrahydrocannabinol is one of the cannabinoids. Also found in dronabinol (Marinol) and nabilone (Cesamet), synthetic medicines for nausea and vomiting
- Cannabinoid receptor 1
Cannabinoid receptor 1: One of the two known receptors in the endocannabinoid (EC) system associated with the intake of food and tobacco dependency. Blocking the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) may reduce dependence on tobacco and the craving for food. The gene encoding CNR1 is located in chromosome region 6q14-q15. Also called the CB1 receptor or […]
- Cannabinoid receptor 2
Cannabinoid receptor 2: One of the two known receptors in the endocannabinoid (EC) system. The gene encoding cannabinoid receptor 2 (CNR2) is located on chromosome 1. Also known as the CB2 receptor or CB2.