Casting, serial: The use of successive casts to reshape deformed or spastic limbs or contracted joints.
- Castleman disease
Castleman disease: A disorder of lymphoid tissue (lymphadenopathy) with massive overgrowth (hyperplasia) of lymph nodes (“swollen glands”), most commonly affecting the nodes between the lungs (in the mediastinum). There are two quite different forms of Castleman’s disease. One form, found in 90% cases, is a localized kind of lymphadenopathy. It usually causes no symptoms, follows […]
Castration: Removal or destruction of the sex glands. The term is usually used in reference to the testicles, but it also can apply to the ovaries.
- Cat cry syndrome
Cat cry syndrome: A disorder caused by the loss of part of the short (p) arm from chromosome 5. Also called the cri du chat (or cri-du-chat) syndrome. The cat cry syndrome is one of the most common human deletion syndromes with an incidence varying between 1 in 20,000 to 1 in 50,000 births. The […]
- Cat eye syndrome
Cat eye syndrome: A constitutional chromosome abnormality (one that is present at or before birth) with multiple malformations characterized by the combination of a cat-like slit of the iris of the eye (vertical coloboma) and no anal opening (anal atresia). Frequently there are also down slanting eye slits (palpebral fissures), tissue tags or pits just […]
- CAT scan
Computerized axial tomography scan. CAT scanning is a painless X-ray test in which a computer generates cross-section views of a patient’s anatomy. It can identify normal and abnormal structures, and it can be used to guide procedures. Iodine-containing contrast material is sometimes used in CAT scanning. A patient who is allergic to iodine or contrast […]