In many cases, a person may have a transient ischemic attack (TIA), a neurological event with the symptoms of a stroke, but the symptoms go away within a short period of time. This is often caused by the narrowing or ulceration of the carotid arteries (the major arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain). If not treated, there is a high risk of having a major stroke in the future. If you suspect a TIA, you should seek medical attention right away. An operation to clean out the carotid artery and restore normal blood flow through the artery (a carotid endarterectomy) markedly reduces the incidence of a subsequent stroke. In other cases, when a person has a narrowed carotid artery, but no symptoms, the risk of having a stroke can be reduced with medications such as aspirin and ticlopidine (TICLID). These medications act by partially blocking the function of blood elements, called platelets, which assist blood clotting.
- Cerebrovascular ferrocalcinosis
Cerebrovascular ferrocalcinosis: A condition, first described in 1930 by T. Fahr and therefore called Fahr syndrome, that is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain (including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex). Symptoms may include motor function deterioration, dementia, mental retardation, spastic paralysis, […]
Cerebrum: The largest part of the brain. It is divided into two hemispheres, or halves. The word “cerebrum” is the Latin word for “brain.” The Romans used the same word to refer to the “skull” (which houses the brain) and the “head” (which houses the skull). And in Rome “cerebrum” also meant “understanding” (and a […]
- Certified nurse-midwife
Certified nurse-midwife: A person with an AS, BS, or Master’s degree in nursing who has also completed specialized training in midwifery. In the US, certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) must earn certification from the American College of Nurse-Midwives.
- Certified midwife
Certified midwife: A midwife who has been certified by her state or national agency for credentialing midwives.
- Certified professional midwife
Certified professional midwife: A midwife who has completed a degree in midwifery at a credentialed educational institution. Abbreviated CPM.