Cesarian section, vaginal birth after: It was once the rule that, after a C-section, the next delivery also had to be by C-section. Now, vaginal delivery after Cesarian section (VBAC) is sometimes feasible. Age is one the factors that need to be considered, since women over 30 who try a vaginal delivery after a C-section are about three times more likely to have a uterine rupture than younger women.
- Ceteris paribus
Ceteris paribus: 1. Literally (in Latin), other things the same. 2. Figuratively, all else being equal (staying the same). 3. In research, the effect of one variable when other factors remain constant. For example, the ceteris paribus thinking has been that the sharp decline in cirrhosis deaths in Paris during the war was due to […]
- Cervical rib
Cervical rib: An extra rib that arises from the seventh cervical vertebra. It is located above the normal first rib. A cervical rib is present in only about 1 in 200 people. It may cause pinching of nearby nerves or arteries, in which case it sometimes is removed surgically.
- Cervical kyphosis, postmenopausal
Cervical kyphosis, postmenopausal: An outward curvature (kyphosis) of the cervical vertebrae (the bones of the neck), creating a hump at the back of the neck. This condition, once thought to be a characteristic deformity of older women, was called a dowager’s hump. A dowager was a woman of high social rank whose husband was dead […]
- Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: The growth of abnormal precancerous cells on the surface of the cervix. Grades from one to three (least to most) may be used to describe the degree of involvement.
- Chagas disease
Ten to 20 years after infection, people may develop the most serious symptoms of Chagas disease. Cardiac problems, including an enlarged heart, altered heart rate or rhythm, heart failure, or cardiac arrest are symptoms of chronic disease. Chagas disease can also lead to enlargement of parts of the digestive tract, which result in severe constipation […]