Chickenpox immunization: Immunization designed to prevent or lessen the severity of the common disease known as chickenpox. The vaccination currently involves two shots, the first dose (shot) at age 12 through 15 months and the second dose (shot) at age 4 through 6 years. The second dose may be given at an earlier age if it is given at least 3 months after the first dose. People 13 years of age and older who have never had chickenpox or received chickenpox vaccine should get two doses, at least 28 days apart.
Chickenpox vaccination is especially important for health care professionals, people who care for or are around others with weakened immune systems, teachers, child care workers, residents and staff in nursing homes and residential settings, college students, inmates and staff of correctional institutions, Military personnel, non-pregnant women of child-bearing age, adolescents and adults living with children, international travelers. There have been few significant reactions to the chickenpox vaccine. All children, except those with a compromised immune system or a known neurological condition, should have the vaccination.
- Chickenpox rash
Chickenpox rash: Chickenpox is characterized by a rash, often the first sign of the disease. The rash of chickenpox develops in crops with raised red spots arriving first, progressing to blisters that burst, creating open sores, before crusting over. This process usually starts on the scalp, then the trunk (its area of greatest concentration), and […]
The larvae of one type of mites, of the family Trombiculidae. The larvae, or juvenile forms, feed on vertebrates such as humans, while the adult mites feed on soil. Chigger bites produce a red welt accompanied by an intense and unrelenting itch. Chiggers are so tiny that they can barely be seen with the naked […]
Chilblain: An injury due to cold temperatures that, although painful, causes little or no permanent impairment. It appears as red, swollen skin that is tender and hot to the touch and may itch. This can worsen to an aching, prickly (‘pins and needles’) sensation, and then numbness. It can develop in only a few hours […]
- Child abuse
A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children. Although most people think first of physical abuse when they hear the term child abuse, physical abuse makes up only a small percentage of reported cases. Physical abuse is defined as physical injury inflicted upon the child […]
- Child abuse, emotional
Emotional child abuse is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all cases of child abuse. It is likely that emotional child abuse is greatly underreported, since it can be difficult to detect and difficult to document. Emotional child abuse includes acts of […]