Cholestin: One of the three major preparations of red yeast rice, a tradition Chinese medicine now used to lower cholesterol. Cholestin is also known as Hypocol.
- Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type)
Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type): See: Cartilage hair hypoplasia syndrome.
Chondrocalcinosis: Calcium deposition in cartilage. Chondrocalcinosis can be associated with degenerative arthritis, pseudogout, hemochromatosis, hyperparathyroidism, diabetes, hypomagnesemia, and Wilson’s disease.
- Chondroitin sulfate
Chondroitin sulfate: A glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found in cartilage, bone, blood vessels and connective tissues. There are two forms: chondroitin sulfate A and chondroitin sulfate C. One or both types accumulate abnormally in several of the mucopolysaccharidosis disorders. Chondroitin sulfate B is now called dermatan sulfate.
Chondromalacia: : Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage. See also patellofemoral syndrome.
- Chondromalacia patellae
Chondromalacia patellae: The patellofemoral syndrome (PFS), the most common cause of chronic knee pain. PFS characteristically causes vague discomfort of the inner knee area, aggravated by activity (running, jumping, climbing or descending stairs) or by prolonged sitting with knees in a moderately bent position (the so-called “theater sign” of pain upon arising from a desk […]