Chylomicron: A small fat globule composed of protein and lipid (fat). Chylomicrons are found in the blood and lymphatic fluid where they serve to transport fat from its port of entry in the intestine to the liver and to adipose (fat) tissue. After a fatty meal, the blood is so full of chylomicrons that it looks milky.
The word “chylomicron” is made up of “chylo-“, milky + “micron”, small. = small milky (globules). The chylomicrons are synthesized (made) in the mucosa (the lining) of the intestine.
Chyme: A predigested, acidified mass of food that passes from the stomach into the small intestine.
- Cholangitis, primary sclerosing
Cholangitis, primary sclerosing: A chronic disorder of the liver of uncertain cause in which the bile ducts within and outside of the liver become inflamed, thickened, scarred (sclerotic), and obstructed. This progressive process can in time destroy the bile ducts and lead to cirrhosis. Abbreviated PSC. PSC can occur by itself or in association with […]
Cholangitis: Inflammation of the bile duct. From cholangi-, pertaining to a bile duct + -itis, inflammation. See also: Primary sclerosing cholangitis
cidal: Suffix indicating killing, as in bacteriocidal (capable of killing bacteria) and in suicidal (the killing of oneself).
Cide: Suffix indicating killing or killer, as in bactericide (a solution capable of killing bacteria).