Cider vinegar diet: The cedar vinegar diet is a weight loss plan based upon the consumption of one, two, or three teaspoons of apple cider vinegar before each meal. The purported “fat burning effects” of consumption of apple cider vinegar have not been scientifically proven, and the cider vinegar diet is not considered a healthy way to lose weight. Instead, it is considered to be an example of a “fad” diet that may contribute to the cycle of weight loss and gain known as “yo-yo” dieting.
Cigarette: A small roll of finely cut tobacco enclosed in a wrapper of thin paper designed for smoking. “Cigarettes are the only product sold on the free market that, when used as directed, can kill people.” (L Chasan-Taber & M Stampfer, New Engl J Med 2001;345:1841-2) The word “cigarette” is the French diminutive of “cigare” […]
Ciguatera: Seafood poisoning due to ciguatoxin, a toxin acquired by eating fish that have consumed toxic single-celled marine organisms called dinoflagellates or fish that have consumed other fish that have become toxic. When someone eats these fish, they suffer seafood poisoning. Ciguatera can cause gastrointestinal, neuromuscular symptoms and respiratory problems. The gastrointestinal problems include abdominal […]
Ciguatoxin: A seafood toxin that is acquired by eating fish that have consumed toxic single-celled marine organisms called dinoflagellates or fish that have consumed other fish that have become toxic. When someone eats these fish, they suffer seafood poisoning. Food poisoning from ciguatoxin is called ciguatera. Ciguatera can cause gastrointestinal, neuromuscular symptoms and respiratory problems. […]
Cilia: The fine hairlike projections from certain cells such as those in the respiratory tract that sweep in unison and help to sweep away fluids and particles. Some single-celled organisms use the rhythmical motion of cilia for locomotion. Cilia is the plural of cilium, a Latin word referring to the edge of the eyelid and, […]
- Ciliary body
Ciliary body: Part of the eye, the ciliary body is a circular structure just behind the iris composed of the ciliary muscle and ciliary processes which attach to the lens. The ciliary processes secrete the aqueous fluid, and the ciliary muscle modifies focus by changing the shape of the lens The ciliary body is part […]