Cisplatin: An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called platinum compounds. Cisplatin is used in the treatment of a wide range of malignancies, including advanced cancer of the ovary, testis, and bladder. Cisplatin is given intravenously. Its full chemical name is cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum.
Citrulline: A non-standard amino acid that is not normally present in protein. Citrulline is created in the body as an intermediate in the conversion of the amino acid ornithine to arginine in a metabolic pathway called the urea cycle. Citrulline was first isolated from watermelon. The term citrulline was coined in 1930 from citrullus, the […]
- Citrulline antibody
An immune protein (antibody) that binds to a non-standard amino acid, citrulline, which is formed by removing amino groups from the natural amino acid, arginine. Citrulline antibody is present in the blood of many patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It is used in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis when evaluating patients with unexplained joint inflammation. Also […]
- Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniform
Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services: See: CHAMPUS.
- Cl (chloride)
Cl (chloride): Cl is the chemical symbol for chloride, the major anion found in the fluid outside of cells and in blood. An anion is the negatively charged part of certain substances such as table salt (sodium chloride or NaCl) when dissolved in liquid. The balance of chloride ion (Cl-) is closely regulated by the […]
CLA: 1. Conjugated linoleic acid. 2. Cervical lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes in the neck). 3. Congenital lactic acidosis. 4. Caseous lymphadenitis (cheeselike lymph nodes, usually due to TB).