Pain in the calf that comes and goes, typically felt while walking, and usually subsiding with rest. Intermittent claudication can be due to temporary artery narrowing due to vasospasm, permanent artery narrowing due to atherosclerosis, or complete occlusion of an artery to the leg. The prognosis is generally favorable because the condition often stabilizes or improves with time. Walking regularly can sometimes increase the distance that the patient can walk without symptoms. Drugs may be prescribed for management. If conservative therapy is inadequate and claudication is severe and persistent, correction of the narrowing in the affected artery with surgery, such as bypass grafting, or interventional radiology, such as balloon angioplasty might be suggested.
Claustrophobia: An abnormal and persistent fear of closed spaces, of being closed in or being shut in, as in elevators, tunnels, or any other confined space. The fear is excessive (and quite common). The word “claustrophobia” is an amalgam made from the Latin “claudere”, to shut + the Greek “phobis”, fear.
- Claudication, venous
Claudication, venous: Limping and/or pain resulting from inadequate venous drainage.
Clavus: Synonymous with corns. The word “clavus” is the Latin word for nail.
Clavicle: The bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the neck to the shoulder.
- Cleft lip
A fissure in the upper lip that is due to failure of the left and right sides of the fetal lip tissue to fuse, an event that should take place by 35 days of fetal age. Cleft lip can be on one side only or on both sides. Because failure of lip fusion can impair […]