Clinical: 1. Having to do with the examination and treatment of patients. 2. Applicable to patients. For example, a laboratory test may be of clinical value.
The term comes through the French “clinique” from the Greek “kline” (a couch or bed).
- Clinical aspirin resistance
Clinical aspirin resistance: The inability of aspirin to protect a person from cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes.
- Clinical cytogenetics
Clinical cytogenetics: The application of chromosome analysis to clinical medicine. For example, clinical cytogenetic testing is done to look for an extra chromosome 21 in a child who is suspected of having Down syndrome.
- Clinical depression
Clinical depression: Depressed mood that meets the DSM-IV criteria for a depressive disorder. The term clinical depression is commonly used to describe depression that is a type of mental illness’not a normal, temporary mood caused by life events or grieving.
- Clinical disease
Clinical disease: A disease that has recognizable clinical signs and symptoms, as distinct from a subclinical illness, which lacks detectable signs and symptoms. Diabetes, for example, can be a subclinical disease for some years before becoming a clinical disease.
- Clinical investigator
Clinical investigator: A medical researcher who carries out a clinical trial or another type of clinical research.