Cognitive science: The study of the mind. Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary science that draws on many fields, including neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, computer science, artificial intelligence, and linguistics. The purpose of cognitive science is to develop models that help explain human perception, thinking, and learning with the premise that the mind is an information processor. This processor receives, stores, retrieves, transforms, and transmits information. The information and the corresponding information processes can be studied as patterns.
- Cognitive therapy
Cognitive therapy: A relatively short-term form of psychotherapy based on the concept that the way we think about things affects how we feel emotionally. Cognitive therapy focuses on present thinking, behavior, and communication rather than on past experiences and is oriented toward problem solving. Cognitive therapy has been applied to a broad range of problems […]
Cohort: In a clinical research trial, a group of study participants or patients.
- Cohort study
Cohort study: A study in which a particular outcome, such as death from a heart attack, is compared in groups of people who are alike in most ways but differ by a certain characteristic, such as smoking. See also: Cohort.
Coinsurance: A provision by which the insured individual shares in the cost of certain expenses. The same as co-payment.
Coitophobia: An abnormal and persistent fear of sexual intercourse. Sufferers from coitophobia experience undue anxiety because they are preoccupied with failing in some way while having sexual intercourse. Among the symptoms of coitophobia are failure to achieve an erection (erectile dysfunction) and failure to achieve orgasm (anorgasmy). “Coitophobia” is a hybrid word derived from the […]