A cause of crampy abdominal pain in early infancy. Colic is a common condition, occurring in about 1 in 10 babies. An infant with colic is irritable, cries, and often has a rigid abdomen and draws up its legs. Overfeeding, undiluted juices, food allergies, and stress can aggravate colic. Colic usually lasts from early infancy to the third or fourth month of age. Treatment can include dietary changes, carefully measured feedings, and extra burping. Parents should not assume that new abdominal pain and loud crying in their baby are colic. It is important for the baby to be seen by a physician to rule out more serious conditions.
Colinearity: 1. In general, the arrangement of one sequence in the same linear order as another sequence. 2. In developmental genetics, the arrangement of genes on chromosomes in the same order as they are activated along the body axis during development, a principle discovered in 1957 by Edward Lewis. 3. In molecular genetics, the correspondence […]
- Messenger RNA
Messenger RNA: The key intermediary in gene expression, which translates the DNA’s genetic code into the amino acids that make up proteins. Abbreviated mRNA.
Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of colitis, including ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, infectious, pseudomembranous, and spastic. For example, intermittent rectal bleeding, crampy abdominal pain and diarrhea can be symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Diagnosis can be made by direct visualization using (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) which is the most accurate test. […]
- Colitis, amebic
Colitis, amebic: Amebic dysentery (inflammation of the intestine) with ulcers in the colon due to infection with an ameba (Entamoeba histolytica), a single-celled parasite transmitted to humans via contaminated water and food. “Ameba” is from the Greek “amoibe” meaning “change” because amebae constantly change shape.
- Colitis, Crohn's
Colitis, Crohn’s: Crohn’s disease affecting only the large intestine (colon). Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect other parts of the digestive system as well. It is named for the doctor who first described the disease in 1932. The disease is usually diagnosed in […]