Coprolalia: The excessive and uncontrollable use of foul or obscene language, including words related to feces (bowel waste).
Coprolalia is a typical symptom of Tourette syndrome, a condition that has its onset in childhood and is characterized by compulsive arm movements, facial tics, grunting, groaning and shouting. Aside from coprolalia, there is often echolalia, the involuntary parrot-like repetition (echoing) of a word or sentence just spoken by another person. Persons with Tourette syndrome do not usually curse out of anger or displeasure but out of uncontrollable compulsion. They cannot help themselves. (The disease is also called Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.)
Coprolalia can upon occasion also be a symptom of schizophrenia, a severe psychiatric disorder of thought in which the sufferer loses touch with reality, withdraws from social activity and exhibits bizarre behavior. The schizophrenic may curse for no apparent reason. (There is no known relationship between Tourette syndrome and schizophrenia.)
Undiagnosed victims of Tourette syndrome or schizophrenia are often subjected to public ridicule from persons within earshot of a coprolalia outburst. Observers believe the outburst is the result of a conscious and voluntary decision to swear. It is not. Medication is available to control the outbursts.
Persons who swear excessively, repeatedly and deliberately — that is, they swear because they want to –are not technically sufferers of coprolalia, although some writers may wish to apply the term loosely to them.
“Coprolalia” is derived from the Greek words “kopros” (dung) and “lalein” (to babble). “Kopros” has also given us such English words as “coprolith,” a hard lump of feces in the intestines, and “coprophobia” (an abnormal and persistent fear of feces).
Coprophobia: An abnormal and persistent fear of feces (bowel waste). Sufferers of coprophobia experience anxiety even though they realize their fear is irrational. They go out of their way to avoid coming into contact with feces or sometimes even seeing feces. “Coprophobia” is derived from the Greek “kopros” (dung) and “phobos” (fear). Alternate names: Koprophobia, […]
- Copy number polymorphism
Copy number polymorphism: Abbreviated CNP. A normal variation in DNA due to variation in the number of copies of a sequence within the DNA. Large-scale copy number polymorphisms are common and widely distributed in the human genome.
Cor: The Latin word for the heart. For example, cor pulmonale is heart disease that results from abnormally high resistance to the passage of blood through the lungs. Cor biloculare is a two-chambered heart resulting from failure of development of the walls that normally separate the two atria from each other and separate the two […]
- Cor biloculare
Cor biloculare: A two-chambered heart. Cor biloculare is due to failure of development of the walls that normally separate the two atria (interatrial septum) and the two ventricles (interventricular septum). “Cor” is the Latin word for the heart.
- Cor pulmonale
Cor pulmonale: Heart disease that results from abnormally high resistance to the passage of blood through the lungs; it often leads to right heart failure. Cor is the Latin word for the heart.