Cracked tooth syndrome: A toothache caused by a broken tooth (tooth fracture) without associated cavity or advanced gum disease. Biting on the area of tooth fracture can cause severe sharp pains. These fractures are usually due to chewing or biting hard objects such as hard candies, pencils, nuts, etc. Cracked tooth syndrome is most common in molars and in teeth with large fillings. Sometimes, the fracture can be seen by painting a special dye on the cracked tooth. Treatment usually is to protect the tooth with a crown. However, if placing a crown does not relieve pain symptoms, a root canal procedure may be necessary. The fracture may be so severe as to require removal of the tooth.
- Cradle cap
Cradle cap: A form of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp that is usually seen in infants but sometimes found in older children. It is characterized by flaking or scaling of the skin, which may also be reddened.
- Cramp, writer's
Cramp, writer’s: A dystonia that affects the muscles of the hand and sometimes the forearm and that only occurs during handwriting. Similar focal dystonias have been called typist’s cramp, pianist’s cramp, musician’s cramp, and golfer’s cramp.
- Cramping leg pain
Cramping leg pain: An aching, crampy, tired, and sometimes burning pain in the legs that comes and goes — it typically occurs with walking and goes away with rest — due to poor circulation of blood in the arteries of the legs. Known medically as intermittent claudication. Intermittent claudication may occur in one or both […]
- Cramps, heat
Cramps, heat: Painful muscle spasms in the abdomen, arms, or legs following strenuous activity. The skin is usually moist and cool and the pulse is normal or slightly raised. Body temperature is mostly normal. Heat cramps often are caused by a lack of salt in the body, but salt replacement should not be considered without […]
Cranial: 1. Pertaining to the cranium or skull. 2. Toward the head. As opposed to caudad. The eye is cranial to the jaw. For a more complete listing of terms used in medicine for spatial orientation, please see the entry to “Anatomic Orientation Terms”.