Crick-Brenner experiment: An elegant and important experiment performed in 1961 by Francis Crick and Sydney Brenner. The experiment proved that the genetic code was a triplet code and that the triplets were not separted by “punctuation.” Crick and Brenner demonstrated that a triplet of bases in the DNA determines an amino acid unit and a string of triplets thereby specifies the full sequence of amino acids in a protein. The Crick-Brenner experiment consisted of deleting bases, one by one, in the DNA and showing that only after three bases had been eliminated in close proximity did the DNA-transcribing system come back into correct phase.
- Crime scene investigation
Crime scene investigation: The use of physical evidence at the scene of the crime and the use of deductive and inductive reasoning to gain knowledge of the events surrounding the crime. Crime scene investigation is multidisciplinary and involves a systematic search of the crime scene; meticulous observation and documentation of the scene; photography and sketching […]
- Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: A viral disease characterized by hemorrhage (bleeding) and fever. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe disease with a high mortality (death) rate. The geographical distribution of the virus, like that of the tick that carries it, is widespread. CCHF has been found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe. […]
Cripple: 1. A person who is lame or disabled. The word “cripple” is a medically outmoded and politically incorrect term in this usage. 2. To maim or disable a person. From the Anglo-Saxon “creopan” meaning “to creep.” Someone who was crippled, as from an oxcart rolling over his leg, had to creep along.
Crippled: A medically outmoded and politically incorrect term that implies a serious loss of normal function through damage or loss of an essential body part or element. The term has been replaced by handicapped.
- Critical care
Critical care: The specialized care of patients whose conditions are life-threatening and who require comprehensive care and constant monitoring, usually in intensive care units. Also known as intensive care.