Cryptorchidism: A condition in which one or both testicles fail to move from the abdomen, where they develop before birth, down into the scrotum. Boys who have had cryptorchidism that was not corrected in early childhood are at increased risk for developing cancer of the testicles. Also known as undescended testicles.
An intestinal infection characterized by diarrhea caused by a microscopic parasite, Cryptosporidium parvum. The parasite lives in the small intestine of humans and animals who pass it in their feces. The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it resistant […]
- Cryptosporidium parvum
Cryptosporidium parvum: The parasite that causes the disease cryptosporidiosis. See: Cryptosporidiosis.
CPEO: Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia. Slowly progressive paralysis of certain eye muscles. See also: Kearns-Sayre syndrome.
CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. CPAP is an effective treatment for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea treated with CPAP wear a face mask during sleep which is connected to a pump (CPAP machine) that forces air into the nasal passages at pressures high enough to overcome obstructions in the […]
CT: Abbreviation for: 1. Cognitive therapy; and, more often today 2. Computerized tomography, as in CT scan. CT is pronounced as the letters C and T.