Dermatology: 1. The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the skin, hair, nails, oral cavity and genitals. 2. Sometimes also, cosmetic care and enhancement.
Dermatology is literally the study of the skin.
Dermatome: (1) A localized area of skin that is has its sensation via a single nerve from a single nerve root of the spinal cord. Shingles (herpes zoster) typically affects one or several isolated dermatomes. (2) A dermatome is also a cutting instrument used for skin grafting or slicing thin pieces of skin.
Dermatomyositis: A chronic inflammatory disease of skin and muscle which is associated with areas of slightly raised reddish, scaly rash. The rash can be on the bridge of the nose, around the eyes, or on sun-exposed areas of the neck and chest. Classically, however, it is over the knuckles. When the characteristic inflammation of the […]
- Dermatophytic onychomycosis
Dermatophytic onychomycosis: Ringworm of the nail, the most common fungus infection of the nails (onychomycosis). Onychomycosis makes the nails look white and opaque, thickened, and brittle. Older women and men and women with diabetes or disease of the small blood vessels (peripheral vascular disease) are at increased risk. Artificial nails (acrylic or “wraps”) increase the […]
Dermatoscopy: A noninvasive diagnostic technique for the early diagnosis of melanoma and the evaluation of other pigmented and non-pigmented lesions on the skin that are not as well seen with the unaided eye. Also known as surface microscopy, dermoscopy, and epiluminescence microscopy.
- Dermatosis Medical
Dermatosis: a disease or abnormal condition of the skin. The term is often used to refer to diseases that do not feature inflammation, because inflammation of the skin is referred to as dermatitis.