Disease, occupational: A disease due to a factor in a person’s occupation. For example, lung disease in miners.
Occupational medicine was founded by the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714). His De Morbis Artificium (On Artificially Caused Diseases) published in 1700 was the first systematic study of occupational disease. He recognized the relationship between metals such as lead and antimony and the symptoms of poisoning in painters and other artisans exposed to them. Ramazzini also recognized diseases associated with a number of other occupations including lung disease in miners.
- Disease, Osler-Rendu-Weber
Disease, Osler-Rendu-Weber: See: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.
- Disease, Paget
- Disease, Parkinson
Disease, Parkinson: A slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal ganglia, and by low production of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Most patients […]
- Disease, Parry's
Disease, Parry’s: Toxic multinodular goiter, a condition in which the thyroid gland contains multiple lumps (nodules) that are overactive and produce excess thyroid hormones. This condition is also known as Plummer’s disease.
- Disease, pelvic inflammatory (PID)
Disease, pelvic inflammatory (PID): This term is applied to women only. Pelvic inflammatory disease refers exclusively to ascending infection of the female upper genital tract (the female structures above the cervix). Pelvic inflammatory disease is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from AIDS, among women. The signs and symptoms […]