Diseases, Infectious, National Institute of Allergy and: This is one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. In formal terms, the mission of the NIAID is “to support and conduct research and research training (that) strives to understand, treat, and ultimately prevent the myriad infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases that threaten millions of human lives.” Immunology figures into this statement presumably because it is the common foundation for infectious diseases and allergy.
- Diseases, inherited metabolic
Diseases, inherited metabolic: Also called inborn errors of metabolism, these are heritable (genetic) disorders of biochemistry. Examples include albinism, cystinuria (a cause of kidney stones), phenylketonuria (PKU), and some forms of gout, sun sensitivity, and thyroid disease. These are only a very few of the hundreds of known inborn errors of metabolism. Advances in the […]
- Diseases, Musculoskeletal, Nat'l Inst
Diseases, Musculoskeletal & Skin, National Institute of Arthritis &: One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. As its somewhat cumbersome name indicates, NIAMS’s mission is a broad and important one, namely to “conduct and support a broad spectrum of research on normal structure and function of bones, muscles, and skin, as well […]
- Diseases, rickettsial
Diseases, rickettsial: The infectious diseases caused by the rickettsiae fall into 4 groups:(1) typhus: epidemic typhus, Brill-Zinsser disease, murine (endemic) typhus, and scrub typhus; (2) spotted fever-Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Eastern tick-borne rickettsioses, and rickettsialpox; (3) Q fever; and (4) trench fever.
Disinsection: Spraying aircraft for insects, a procedure called disinsection. Some countries in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, Australia and the South Pacific require the spraying of the aircraft passenger compartment with insecticide while passengers are present. This is done to prevent the importation of insects such as mosquitos. Disinsection procedures have been determined to be […]
- Dislocated shoulder
The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint in the body and allows the arm to move in many directions. This ability to move makes the joint inherently unstable and also makes the shoulder the most often dislocated joint in the body. Dislocations of the shoulder occur when the head of the humerus (upper arm […]