Dwarfism, pituitary: Dwarfism caused by a lack of growth hormone, usually due to malfunction of the pituitary gland. Children with growth hormone deficiency may grow normally for the first two to three years of life but they then fall behind their peers in height. They are normally proportioned. This is a key point. Treatment is with human growth hormone given in childhood. Also known as hypopituitary dwarfism, hypopituitarism, panhypopituitarism, and growth hormone deficiency.
- Dwarfism, thanatophoric
Dwarfism, thanatophoric: A form of short-limbed (micromelic) dwarfism that usually causes death within the first few hours after birth. Thanatophoric dysplasia is due to a lethal mutation (change) in the same gene that produces achondroplasia, a familiar and far more common form of short-limbed dwarfism that is compatible with life. In thanatophoric dysplasia the bones […]
Dx: Abbreviation for diagnosis, the determination of the nature of a disease.
DXA: Dual X-ray absorptometry. A technique for scanning bone and measuring bone mineral density (BMD). A DXA scanner is a large machine that produces 2 X-ray beams, each with different energy levels. One beam is high energy while the other is low energy. The amount of x-rays that pass through the bone is measured for […]
DXM: Dextromethorphan, a cough suppressant, sometimes misused as a recreational drug.
Dyad: The word “dyad” comes from the Greek “dyas” meaning the number two. In psychology, a dyad refers to a pair of persons in an interactional situation. For example, a patient and therapist, a woman and her husband, a girl and her stepfather, etc. In chemistry, a dyad is a bivalent element. And in biology, […]