Elliptocytosis: A blood disorder characterized by elliptically shaped red blood cells with variable breakup of red cells (hemolysis) and varying degrees of anemia. Inherited as a dominant trait, elliptocytosis is due to the mutation of one of the genes that encodes proteins of the red cell membrane skeleton. There are several forms of elliptocytosis caused by specific gene abnormalities.
- Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
Ellis-van Creveld syndrome: A type of short stature with striking shortening of the ends of the extremities (arms and legs), polydactyly (extra digits), fusion of bones in the wrist, dystrophy (abnormal growth) of the fingernails, change in the upper lip variously called ‘partial hare-lip,’ ‘lip-tie,’ etc., and cardiac (heart) malformations. The teeth may already be […]
- Embolism, Fat
Embolism, fat: A process by which fat tissue passes into the bloodstream and lodges within a blood vessel. In general, an embolus is something that travels through the bloodstream, lodges in a blood vessel, and blocks it. A fat embolus is a fat particle or droplet that travels through the circulation and eventually blocks a […]
- Embolism, paradoxical
Embolism, paradoxical: Passage of a clot (thrombus) from a vein to an artery. When clots in veins break off (embolize) , they travel first to the right side of the heart and, normally, then to the lungs where they lodge. The lungs act as a filter to prevent the clots from entering the arterial circulation. […]
- Embolism, pulmonary
Embolism, pulmonary: The obstruction of the pulmonary artery or a branch of it leading to the lungs by a blood clot, usually from the leg, or foreign material causing sudden closure of the vessel. (Embolus is from the Greek “embolos” meaning plug.) The risk factors for pulmonary embolism include advanced age, cancer, genetic predisposition, immobilization […]
Embolization: A treatment that clogs small blood vessels and blocks the flow of blood, such as to a tumor.