Fariborz Amini: Amini, Fariborz.
Dr. Amini, a professor emeritus at University of California, San Francisco, was a co-author of ”A General Theory of Love” (Random House, 2000), with two colleagues, Thomas Lewis and Richard Lannon. The book explained how lingering but forgotten impressions, like a smell or sound associated with a person or a positive experience, become embedded in the mind’s memory banks, where neurons constantly fire and forge connections. Over time these links are reinforced through repeated exposure, leading to affectional bonds. To continue work on these theories, Dr. Amini established the Amini Foundation for the Study of Affect. Fariborz Amini was born in Iran and graduated from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1953. He received his M.D. at the University of California, San Francisco, and trained at the Neuropsychiatric Institute of the University of Michigan and at the San Francisco Psychoanalytic Institute. Dr. Amini died in 2004.
An error of refraction in the human eye that causes light rays to focus behind the retina instead of on it. A person who is farsighted has normal vision at a distance but has trouble focusing on nearby objects. Farsightedness can be corrected with refractive lenses’either glasses or contact lenses’and in some cases by surgery. […]
Fart: This is not an accepted medical word for passing gas. Excess gas in the intestinal is medically termed “flatulence.” (But what is excess gas is difficult to define since symptom-free individuals have recorded approximately 14 passages of gas per 24 hours!) The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), in its inimitable way, notes that the word […]
Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates different layers of tissue. Fascia also encloses muscles.
- FAS gene
FAS gene: A gene that encodes one of several proteins important to apoptosis, the normal process through which cells die. Mutations in the FAS gene have been found in ALPS (the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome), a disease in which there is failure of lymphocytes to die on schedule. As a result, lymphocytes stay about and attack […]
Fasciculation: Involuntary contractions or twitchings of groups of muscle fibers. Fasciculations can occur in normal individuals without an associated disease or condition, or as a result of illness, such as muscle cramps, nerve diseases, and metabolic imbalances.