Fava bean: The broad bean to which many people react adversely with an acute hemolytic anemia with sudden breakup of red blood cells (see Favism). Fava beans look like large tan lima beans. They are popular in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines, are eaten raw when very young, cooked in soups and many other dishes, and made into fava brittle (like peanut brittle) as candy. The botanical name for fava is Vicia fava. Fava is Italian for bean and refers specifically to the broad bean. Fava beans are the main commercial source of the drug L-DOPA.
Favism: A condition characterized by hemolytic anemia (breakup of red blood cells) after eating fava beans (Vicia fava) or being exposed to the pollen of the fava plant. This dangerous reaction occurs exclusively in people with a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), an X-linked genetic trait. However, not all G6PD-deficient families appear at […]
- F (symbol)
F (symbol): A much used symbol, F stands for fractional concentration; free energy; Fahrenheit; visual field; fluorine; force; filial generation, followed by subscript numerals indicating specified matings such as F1); the amino acid phenylalanine; the coefficient of inbreeding , etc.
- F (coefficient of inbreeding)
F (coefficient of inbreeding): F is the symbol for the coefficient of inbreeding, a way of gauging how close two people are genetically to one another. The coefficient of inbreeding, F, is the probability that a person with two identical genes received both genes from one ancestor. Take, for example, the mating of first cousins […]
FCC: In medicine, familial colorectal cancer (not the Federal Communications Commission).
- FDA recalls
FDA recalls: The recall of a defective or possibly harmful product by the US Food & Drug Administration (the FDA). These recalls are often highly publicized in newspapers and on radio and TV news broadcasts. Recent headlines in major newspapers such as “FDA Orders Peanut Butter Recall” and “FDA Orders 6,500 Cases of Red-Dyed Mints […]