Femoral artery: The continuation of the external iliac artery after it passes under the inguinal ligament. The femoral arteries supply oxygenated blood from the heart to the lower extremities.
- Femoral head, avascular necrosis of the
Femoral head, avascular necrosis of the: See Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
- Femoral vein
Femoral vein: The large vein in the groin that passes with the femoral artery under the inguinal ligament to enter the abdomen, at which point it becomes the external iliac vein. The femoral vein is a continuation of the popliteal vein, and it carries blood back to the heart from the lower extremities.
Fenestration: The creation of a new opening. From the Latin for ‘the making of a window.’
Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also known as the thighbone.
Ferritin: The major protein concerned with iron storage. The blood ferritin level serves as an indicator of the amount of iron stored in the body, and it can become elevated due to the presence of conditions featuring significant inflammation.